Morocco's capital city, Rabat, is situated on the continent's Atlantic coast. When it was known as the city of Sala during the Phoenician era, the city has a long history. The city was taken over by the Almohads in the 12th century, who established it as the center of their kingdom. Rabat was made the capital of Morocco by the Alaouite dynasty in the 17th century, and it continues to be so today.
Rabat is home to a number of historical and cultural landmarks, including the 12-century-old Kasbah of the Udayas. Major features in the city include the Hassan Tower and the Chellah. The former is an incomplete mosque and minaret, while the latter is a surviving old Roman settlement. The Mohammed V Mausoleum, the ultimate burial place of the Moroccan King Mohammed V, is another well-known tourist destination. It is a huge structure with exquisite wood carvings and zellige tile work.
In addition, tourists can explore the Andalusian Gardens, which are situated on the grounds of the palace and serve as the monarch of Morocco's formal residence, as well as the Royal Palace of Rabat. A number of institutions, like the Museum of Archaeology and the Museum of Modern Art, are also located in the city and serve to highlight the diverse cultural legacy of the nation.
The Medina in Rabat, which is a well-preserved UNESCO World Heritage Site and an excellent area to see traditional Moroccan architecture, street markets, and craft shops, is another noteworthy feature of the city.